Poverty Statistics

Description: According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services website, there are two versions of the federal poverty measure: the poverty thresholds, and the poverty guidelines. Poverty thresholds are updated each year by the census bureau and are used primarily for statistical reasons. The poverty guidelines are issued each year in the federal register and are simplified versions of the thresholds meant for administrative purposes.

2008 HHS Poverty Guidelines for the 48 Contiguous States and D.C.

  • 1 person household – $10.400
  • 2 person household – $14,000
  • 3 person household – $17,600
  • 4 person household – $21,200
  • 5 person household – $24,800

Twelve percent of Illinois families and 11 percent of individuals in Illinois were living below the federal government‘s poverty line in 1999, according to US Census 2000 figures. That is about 1 percentage point lower than the statewide poverty rates in 1989.

Here are the percentage of families in each county that reported income below the poverty line in 1989 and 1999 and the percentage of individuals in poverty in 1989 and 1999. The data did not include a single poverty rate for all people. For a family of four, the federal government‘s poverty line was $17,029 in 1999.

Champaign County:

  • 1989 Family 12%
  • 1989 Individual 16%
  • 1999 Family 10%
  • 1999 Individual 16%

Coles County:

  • 1989 Family 15%
  • 1989 Individual 17%
  • 1999 Family 10%
  • 1999 Individual 18%

DeWitt County:

  • 1989 Family 11%
  • 1989 Individual 10%
  • 1999 Family 10%
  • 1999 Individual 8%

Douglas County:

  • 1989 Family 11%
  • 1989 Individual 10%
  • 1999 Family 7%
  • 1999 Individual 6%

Edgar County:

  • 1989 Family 21%
  • 1989 Individual 16%
  • 1999 Family 12%
  • 1999 Individual 11%

Iroquois County:

  • 1989 Family 10%
  • 1989 Individual 9%
  • 1999 Family 11%
  • 1999 Individual 9%

McLean County:

  • 1989 Family 9%
  • 1989 Individual 12%
  • 1999 Family 6%
  • 1999 Individual 10%

Moultrie County:

  • 1989 Family 12%
  • 1989 Individual 11%
  • 1999 Family 9%
  • 1999 Individual 8%

Piatt County:

  • 1989 Family 6%
  • 1989 Individual 6%
  • 1999 Family 5%
  • 1999 Individual 5%

Vermilion County:

  • 1989 Family 19%
  • 1989 Individual 15%
  • 1999 Family 15%
  • 1999 Individual 13%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, AP analysis
US Department of Health and Human Services
Date Last Revisited: 1/11/2010